What is Sunnah of the Salah

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What is Sunnah of the Salah[1]

Literary: Sunnah means tradition and mode of life.

In Shariat: Sunnah includes all the acts, sayings, speeches of Prophet (PBUH) and whatever He did in his entire life excluding obligatory acts.

There are two kinds of the Sunnah:

  • Sunan-e-Huda and this is also called Sunnat-e-Muakkada, it has the importance of the Wajib acts for performing it but if a person leaves it he will not be punishable and if he leaves Wajib he will be punishable.

For example: Azan, Iqamaht and Salah of Sunnat-e-Muakkada.

  • Sunan-e-Zawaid and if a person leaves it he will not be punishable too.

For example: Azan for Munfarid, Miswak, and other Salah of Sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada.[2]

Rulings for Sunnah acts:

  • Sunnah acts are physical and verbal acts of the Salah. If a person performs them, he will be rewarded.
  • If a person leaves them, he will not be punishable but he will be criticized and admonished.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah unwillingly, he doesn’t need to do Sujood-e-Sahw.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah willingly and knowingly, still he does not need to do Sujood-e-Sahw but the Salah will be Makrooh (Salah with a kinds of defect).[3]

Hadith:

حَدَّثَنَا كَثِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ الْمُزَنِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ جَدِّي، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: ‏ “‏مَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّةً مِنْ سُنَّتِي فَعَمِلَ بِهَا النَّاسُ كَانَ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَيْئًا وَمَنِ ابْتَدَعَ بِدْعَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ أَوْزَارُ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَوْزَارِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا شَيْئًا ‏”‏ ‏.

Meaning:

Kathir Bin Abdullah Bin Amr Bin Auf Al-Muzani said,

“My father told me narrating from my grandfather, that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Whoever revives a Sunnah of mine, which people then act upon, will have a reward equivalent to that of those who act upon it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever introduces an innovation (Bid’ah) that is acted upon, will have a burden of sins equivalent to that of those who act upon it, without that detracting from the burden of those who act upon it in the slightest.'”[4]

Sunnah Acts of the Salah

The details of the Sunnah acts of the Salah are as follow:

  • To raise both hands while saying Takbeer-e-Tahrima till ears for man and slave girl (Bandi).
  • To raise both hands while saying Takbeer-e-Tahrima till shoulder for fee women (it means the women they are not slave).
  • To keep your fingers open or spread while raising hands in Takbeer-e-Tahrima.
  • The followers must say Takbeer-e-Tahrima just after Imam’s (it means do not delay it).
  • To say Takbeer-e-Tahrima in moderate posture without bowing down the head.
  • To read Sana (praise to Allah).
  • To read Taawwoz for recitation (to seek protection or refuge of Allah from Satan).
  • To read Tasmia (Bismillah) in each Rak’ah.
  • To say Ameen after surah Fatiha is completed.
  • To say Tahmeed (Rabbana Lakal Hamd).
  • To say Tahmeed in low voice.
  • Imam must say Takbeer (Allaho Akbar) and Tasmee (Sami Allaho liman Hamida) loudly.
  • To keep the distance around four fingers in between the two legs while standing posture.
  • The surah which is read after surah Fatiha, must be as follows:
  • In Fajr and Zohar surah must be from Tiwal-e-Mufassal.
  • In Asar and Isha surah, must be from Awsat-e-Mufassal.
  • In Magrib surah must be from Qisar-e-Mufassal if they are resident (not passengers).
  • If they are passengers they can recite whatever surah they want.
  • To elongate the first Rak’ah from second one in Fajr Salah only.
  • To say Takbeer for Ruku.
  • To read at least three times Tasbeeh in Ruku.
  • To hold both knees with both hands.
  • To keep the fingers open (not to tighten them together) but women should not keep them open.
  • To keep both legs straight.
  • To enlarge the back while doing Ruku.
  • To keep back at level of sacrum.
  • To raise himself from Ruku.
  • To stand straight with calm after Ruku.
  • To recite surah Fatiha after first two Rak’ah.
  • To do Qauma (standing straight from Ruku and before going to Sujood).
  • To read Durud (ask blessings for Prophet PBUH) in last sitting i.e. Qaida-e-Akhira.
  • To make Dowa in Salah with words of the Quran or prophet’s words (Dowa mentioned in Quran and in Hadith) not with your own words.
  • To do Salam along with Imam’s (it is not allowed to delay it).
  • To start Salam from right direction.
  • Masbuq (one who is preceded in Salah) must wait until Imam completes the Salah then he can offer his remaining Rak’ah.[5]

Ruing of missing any Sunnah acts of the Salah

Sunnah of the Salah is the complimentary acts so if a person performs Sunnah he will get more rewards and if he has any kinds of defects in Farz Salah then Sunnah Salah will back it up in the rewards (Sawab).

Rulings for Sunnah acts:

  • Sunnah is the physical acts and verbal acts; if a person performs them he will be rewarded.
  • If a person leaves them, he will not be punishable but he will be criticized and admonished.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah unwillingly, he does not need to do Sujood-e-Sahw.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah willingly and knowingly, still he doesn’t need to do Sujood-e-Sahw but the Salah will be Makrooh (Salah with a kinds of defect).
  • Sunnah of Fajr Salah is more stressed even some scholars say that Sunnah of Fajr Salah is Wajib.
  • If a person missed Sunnah of Fajr Salah along with Farz, he can offer as Qaza of bothe Farz and Sunnah before Zawal time.[6]

Mustahab and Tatawwu are the same in the meaning. It means voluntarily extra work. If a person does them, he will get more rewards. If he skips them you are not punishable and criticized.

Literary: Mustahab means appreciable and recommended acts.

In Sharia: Mustahab are the acts which is surplus of the Farz and Wajib  acts or in other word Mustahab is that acts in which prophet (PBUH) was interested and did it himself sometimes but did not make it obligatory or compulsory for the other people.[7]

Mustahab Acts (etiquettes) of the Salah are as follow:

  • A person shall let out his palms from his sleeve at the time of Takbeer. His palms should be visible.

The places where to see a person in Salah, are as follow:

  • While standing at the place of prostration.
  • While dong Ruku at his feet.
  • While doing Sujood at the tip of his nose.
  • While Sitting in between two Sujood at his lap.
  • While saying both Salam at the both shoulders respectively.
  • Try to stop coughing as much as you can.
  • Try to keep your mouth shut when you feel yawning in Salah.
  • To stand up for Salah when it is said “come to the success”.
  • Imam must be ready when it is called “Salah has organized”.[8]

Rulings for Mustahab acts:

  • Mustahab acts of the Salah this is also called Adab-e-Salah which means etiquettes.
  • Mustahab and Adab of Salah is the acts which Prophet (PBUH) did in his life sometimes but did not do it regularly.
  • Mustahab and Adab of the Salah is to surplus or complete the defect of the Sunnah Salah.
  • Mustahab is the acts of Salah if a person does them, he will get more rewards.
  • If he doesn’t do he neither will be punished and nor be criticized and Salah will be valid and acceptable without it too.
  • If a person leaves any Mustahab acts in the Salah whether he did it willingly or unwillingly his Salah will be valid and acceptable.
  • In the case of leaving of any Mustahab a person doesn’t need to do Sujood-e-Sahw.[9]

[1] Beheshti Zewar Page:  88

[2] (Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Jurjani: (1983): Kitab Al-Tarifat: Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmia: Vol.: 1: Page 122)

[3] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 88)

[4] (Mohammad Bin Yazeed, Abu Abdullah, Al-Qazwini (2009). Sunan Ibn-e-Maja (Vol. 1). Dar Al-Risala Al-Ilmia: Page 143)

[5] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 56-58)

[6] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 88)

[7] (Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Jurjani: (1983): Kitab Al-Tarifat: Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmia: Vol.: 1: Page 213)

[8] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: page 58-59)

[9] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 90)

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