Tahrah (Purification) for the Salah

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Tahrah (Purification) for the Salah

Taharah is pre-condition for the validity of the Salah. No Salah is valid without Taharah. A person must be pure for validity of the Salah. Likewise, his place of the Salah, clothes and body must be pure for the validity of the Salah.[1]

The Taharah consists of all kinds of purity.

  • Physical purity (from Hadas-e-Akbar (Janabat) which requires bathing).
  • Ritual purity (from Hadas-e-Asgar which requires making Wadu (ablution) or Tayammum).
  • Purity of place: it means that the place of offering the Salah must be clean and pure. If whole place is not possible then at least the area where to put both hands, both knees, forehead and so me parts of the toes, must be clean and pure.
  • In case, we are offering the Salah on cloths or on the Musalla (sheet on which Salah is offered) it must be neat and clean.
  • Salah will be allowed and permissible on matted wool (wool with multi folds) if its upper part is pure and clean though its lower part is dirty and impure.
  • Salah will be allowed and permissible on such pure cloth whose under cloth is impure if they are not attached.
  • Salah will be allowed and permissible on the corner of pure cloth, even though its impure corner is shaking with his movement.

These all cloths are for offering Salah and they are not worn by the Musalli. This is in the case of emergency and scarcity. If a person has pure cloth then he must offer on pure one.

  • If one corner of the turban gets dirty and he throws it out but another corner remains on his body then if the dirty corner of the turban moves with the movement of the prayer the Salah will not be right and acceptable and if it doesn’t move Salah will be allowed and acceptable.
  • If a person receives dirt or any impurity but he doesn’t have anything to remove it or get purity from it, the person can offer the Salah with this dirt. The person will not need to repeat the Salah again later (as Salah is not to miss in any condition and here removing dirt is out of his ability, so he will be pardoned for this). [2]

Covering the Satar

Covering of Satar (parts of body necessary to cover) is also an important part of Salah. A person cannot even start his Salah without covering his Satar and further details are as follow:

Covering Satar is a prerequisite for validity of the Salah, when a someone has such cloths to cover his necessary body part.

Body parts of a person that must be covered are:

Covering body parts differ in male and female and the details are as follow:

  • Satar (necessary body parts to cover) of male is between his belly button and knees it means that a male must wear at least such a cloth that covers his belly button and both knees.
  • Satar of female slave (Bandi as used to be in earlier times) is from belly bottom including her stomach and back until knees.
  • Satar of a free female (who is not slave) is all body parts except her face, both palm and both feet (only these three parts of a free female can remain uncovered).[3]

Some Rules regarding Satar

Though covering the parts of body (Satar) is necessary for the validity of the Salah but there may be some situations in which Satar willingly or unwillingly gets revealed. For such situations, further details are as follow:

  • Revealing of one fourth of any one part from Satar will make the Salah invalid6+.
  • If unwillingly revealed any part from Satar and remains uncovered as long one can pronounce three time “Subhan Allah” the Salah will be invalid.
  • Small amounts of body is revealing from different Satar parts, if they all together measures one fourth of any small Satar part then Salah will not be valid.
  • If some doesn’t have anything to cover his Satar not even silk, grasses and mud then he will offer Salah without covering Satar and it will be acceptable and he will not to repeat Salah later (with covering body part).
  • If he found some impure cloths and at least one fourth is pure then Salah in nude posture will not be acceptable.
  • If less than one fourth of cloth is pure, even then it is better to use this cloth for Salah.
  • The Salah in a complete impure cloth would be better than Salah in nude posture.
  • If a person found a small cloth which can cover some parts of the Satar, it is obligatory to use it for covering whatever part he can cover.
  • In the case of small cloth, he must first cover his front and back private part.
  • If covering of both is not possible then some says front part to cover and some says back part to cover.
  • It is recommended (Mustahab) for nude person to offer Salah with gesture in sitting posture starching his legs towards Qibla but if he offers it in standing posture with gesture or with Ruku and Sujood this is also right and acceptable.[4]

[1] The details of Taharah (Purity) is written in separate book.

[2] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: page 52)

[3] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 53)

[4] ((Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page: 53)

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