Sunnat-e-Muakkada or Rawatib

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Sunnat-e-Muakkada or Rawatib

Sunnat-e-Muakkada:

Literary: Sunnah means tradition and mode of life.

In Shariat: Sunnah includes all the acts, sayings, speeches of Prophet PBUH and whatever He did in his entire life excluding obligatory acts.

There are two kinds of the Sunnah:

  • Sunan-e-Huda and this is also called Sunnat-e-Muakkada, it has the importance of the Wajib acts for performing it but if a person leaves it he will not be punishable and if he leave Wajib he will be punishable.

For example: Azan, Iqamah and Salah of Sunnat-e-Muakkada.

  • Sunan-e-Zawaid and if a person leaves it he will not be punishable too.

For example: Azan for Munfarid, Miswak, and other Salah of Sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada.[1]

Rawatib:

Literary: Rawatib is an Arabic word and is the plural form of Ratib which means the pay and wages.

 In Salah: Rawatib and Sunnat-e-Muakkada both are the same and only they are two different terms nothing else. May be it was named Rawatib because it pays you more reward (Sawab) when you perform it.

Sunnat – E- Muwakkadah: Are the those acts of Prophet (PBUH) he did regularly in his life or urged the Ummah to do it regularly. Here the Salah which Prophet (PBUH) offered regularly in his life.

Rulings for Sunnah-e-Muakkada acts:

  • Sunnah is the physical acts and verbal acts. If a person performs them, he will be rewarded.
  • If a person leaves them, he will not be punishable but he will be criticized and admonished.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah unwillingly, he doesn’t need to do Sajda-e-Sahw.
  • If a person leaves any Sunnah in the Salah willingly and knowingly, still he doesn’t need to do Sajda-e-Sahw but the Salah will be Makruh (Salah with a kinds of defect).
  • There is no Qaza for Sunnah Salah and Rawatib except Sunnah of Fajr Salah, it can be offered as Qaza if a person couldn’t offer it before Farz Salah.[2]

Sunnat-e-Muakkada

There are total 12 Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkada and three Rak’ah Wajib.

Details are as follow:

Fajr Salah:

  • Two Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkada (before Farz).

Zohar Salah:

  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Farz).

Magrib Salah:

  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Magrib Salah).

Isha Salah:

  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Farz).
  • Three Rak’ah witr Wajib (after Isha Salah).

Juma Salah:

  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Farz).[3]

Rak’ah of the Fajr Salah

Fajr Salah:

We have to offer total four Rak’ah of the Salah.

  • Two Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Two Rak’ah Farz.[4]

Rak’ah of Zohar Salah

Zohar Salah:

We have to offer total twelve Rak’ah of the Salah.

  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Four Rak’ah Farz.
  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Farz).
  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada).[5]

Rak’ah of Asar Salah

Asar Salah:

We have to offer total eight Rak’ah of the Salah.

  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Four Rak’ah Farz.[6]

Rak’ah of Magrib Salah

Magrib Salah:

We have to offer total seven Rak’ah of the Salah.

  • Three Rak’ah Farz.
  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada.
  • Two Rak’ah Nafil.[7]

Rak’ah of Isha Salah

Isha Salah:

We have to offer total seventeen Rak’ah of the Salah.

  • Four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Gair Muakkada (before Farz).
  • Four Rak’ah Farz.
  • Two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkada (after Farz).
  • Two Rak’ah Nafil.
  • Three Rak’ah witr.
  • Two Rak’ah Nafil.[8]

Witr Salah

Witr Salah is Wajib and some scholars says Witr is Sunnat-e-Muakkada.

Witr is Wajib (obligatory) and it is three Rak’ah with Salam just as Magrib Salah. How and when is to offer these are given blow:

  • Start Witr Salah with the intention of three Rak’ah of Witr Wajib.
  • Complete your two Rak’ah as you do in other Salah and stand for third one.
  • Duwa-e-Qunut is read in third Rak’ah of Witr Salah.
  • In third Rak’ah, after recitation of Fatiha and other surah and before going to Ruku you will say “Allaho Akbar” and raise both hands till your ears as in Takbeer-e-Tahrima you do and put them again on or under belly button.
  • Now read Duwa-e-Qunut and when it is completed, go to Ruku saying Allaho Akbar.
  • Then do two Sajda and complete your Salah as you do with other Salah (it means reading Tashahhud, Durud and Duwa e Masurah etc. and saying Salah both sides at last).[9]

Rak’ah in Jumah

  • There are four Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkadah (Stressed supererogation) before Friday prayer.
  • There are two Rak’ah Farz.
  • There are four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkadah (Stressed supererogation) after Farz (Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Muhammad said only four Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkadah after Jumah).
  • There are two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Mukkadah (Stressed supererogation) again (Imam Abu yusuf  said six Rak’ah is Sunnah after Jumah so according to him two more Rak’ah is Stressed supererogation)
  • There are two Rak’ah Supererogation (Nafil)

Note: Imam Yusuf’s saying is preferable in the Hanafi Mazhab in this regard.

[1] (Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Jurjani: (1983): Kitab Al-Tarifat: Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmia: Vol.: 1: Page 122)

[2] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 88)

[3] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[4] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[5] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[6] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[7] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[8] (Al-Hajjah, Najah, Al-Halbi: Fiqah Al-Ibadat Ala Al-Mazhab Al-Hanafi: Maktaba Al-Shamilah: Vol.: 1: Page 106)

[9] (Muhammad Bin Ali, Alauddin, Al-hanafi: (2002). Radd Al-Mukhtar: Riyadh: Daro Alam Al-Kitab: Vol.: 5: page 112)

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