Qibla and Salah

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 Facing the Qibla

Qibla means to face the House of Allah (Baitullah). We know it as Kaba, situated in Macca. The Salah is offered facing the Kaba or the direction of the Kaba.

Standing in the Salah facing towards the Qibla, is a necessary condition. If a person is unable to face the Qibla what should he do?

The details are as follow:

  • If a person is unable to face the Qibla due to illness and sickness then he can offer the Salah at his convenient direction or posture. For example, if a person is unable to move and he is on complete bed rest then he can offer Salah with gesture laying on the bed facing towards sky.
  • If a person is riding on the animal or any vehicles as in journey and he can’t get down due to muddy area or any danger or for any other reasons, he can offer Salah at his convenient direction. In such cases, the person should wait if he hopes that he will be able to offer facing the direction of the Qibla before the Salah time ends.
  • If he has the fear of any enemy, fear of any wild animal or fear of losing his life then he can offer Salah at his convenient direction.[1]

Identification of the Qibla

To stand in the Salah facing towards the direction of the Qibla is obligatory. If a person is in a place where he does not know the direction of the Qibla then he must follow the given rulings.

  • If a person is in such a place where he does not know the direction of the Qibla and there is no one to tell him or to guide him, then he will make guesses (Taharri) and try to identify the direction of the Qibla. The person will offer the Salah towards the direction he is confident to be the Qibla.

If he offers Salah after making guess and trying his best to identify then:

  • He shall not need to repeat the Salah, if he comes to know after Salah that he offered Salah towards the wrong direction.
  • If he understands it or knows in the Salah, he must turn towards the Qibla in the Salah and continue it (no need to start again from the beginning).

If he offers Salah without guessing trying to identify the direction, the details are as follow:

  • If he knows after the Salah that he was right, then Salah will be right and acceptable.
  • If he came to know the real direction in the Salah, then his Salah will be canceled. He will have to start again from the beginning at real direction (he cannot turn towards Qibla in the Salah).
  • If the people made guesses for finding the Qibla (in congregational prayer) and they do not know the direction of the Imam (who is leading the Salah), then they can offer at what direction they are confident (after making guess), the Salah will be valid and acceptable.[2]

[1] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 53)

[2] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 53)

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