Obligatory (Faraiz) Acts of the Salah 2

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How to do Ruku

  • Go to Ruku (bow down) by saying Takbeer “Allaho Akbar (Allah is the greatest).
  • While doing Ruku a person must enlarge his back in front direction.
  • And keep his back and head at level of sacrum.
  • Then hold both knees with both hands.
  • And keep the fingers open (not to tighten them together) but women should not keep them open.
  • And keep both legs straight and maintain the gap of at least four finger between them.
  • And read at least three times “سُبْحَانَ رَبِّي الْعَظِيمِ “in Ruku.
  • And raise himself from Ruku by saying Tasmee (Sami Allaho Liman Hamidah)
  • And stand straight with calm after Ruku.[1]

Sujood (Prostration)

Literary: Sujood means to prostrate or to put the forehead on the ground and earth.

In Salah: Sujood is an important act of the Salah which is completed when the person put his forehead on the ground and praise Allah Almighty and accept his gratefulness.

Maximum Length: Sujood is completely done on seven parts of the body and they are both hands, both knees, toes of the both legs and nose and forehead.

Minimum length: of Sujood is to put on the ground at least the forehead, one of the hands and one of the knees and some toes of the legs, if a person do Sujood on these parts at least, his Sujood will be acceptable.

Allah Almighty says to do Sujood in the Holy Quran:

Quran:

Allah Almighty says:

﴿ يٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا ارْكَعُوا وَاسْجُدُوا وَاعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُوا الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ۞ ﴾

Meaning:

“O you who have believed, bow and prostrate and worship your Lord and do well – that you may succeed.”[2]

How to do Sujood

We have to do Sujood on seven parts of the body as it is mentioned in the Hadith.

Hadith:

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، رضى الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: ‏ “‏أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَسْجُدَ عَلَى سَبْعَةِ أَعْظُمٍ عَلَى الْجَبْهَةِ ـ وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ ـ وَالْيَدَيْنِ، وَالرُّكْبَتَيْنِ وَأَطْرَافِ الْقَدَمَيْنِ، وَلاَ نَكْفِتَ الثِّيَابَ وَالشَّعَر.َ ‏”

Meaning:

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

The Prophet (PBUH) said, “I have been ordered to prostrate on seven bones i.e. on the forehead along with the tip of the nose and the Prophet (PBUH) pointed towards his nose, both hands, both knees and the toes of both feet and not to gather the clothes or the hair.”[3]

Sujood is an important part of the Salah. It is a Rukn and Farz act of it. How to do Sujood, the method and details are as follow:

  • While going to Sujood position, we must put the knees on the ground first, then both hands and then nose and forehead.
  • While we are in Sujood position, we must keep the toes facing towards Qibla.
  • While rising from Sujood we must come back to Qiyam position in the reverse sequence it means first lift your forehead then nose then both hands and at last lift your knees.
  • To look at the place of Sujood in Qiyam, and in Qaida and Tashahhud he must look at his forefinger while moving it up and down.
  • While doing Sujood a man must keep away his arms from his flank and his wrist from ground.
  • A woman will do Sujood clinging to the ground, her arms must cling with her flank and her wrist should be clung to the ground.

Conditions related to Sujood:                                

  • While doing prostration, put forehead on the gerund.
  • We may put forehead on something that is attached or clung to earth like Musalla and prayer mat etc.
  • The place of Sujood must not be higher than ground.
  • To do prostration correctly with giving some stress on forehead, it is not allowed only to touch the ground with forehead.
  • We must read سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى at least three times in Sujood position.

Ruling for Sujood

  • We must put both knees first on the ground and then both hands and after that the face at the last.
  • And we should raise ourselves from prostration in reverse sequence (first lift face then hands and then knees at the last).
  • We should say Takbeer while going to Sujood.
  • We should say Takbeer for raising from Sujood.
  • We should do Sujood between both wrists.
  • We should read” سُبْحَانَ رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى “at least three times in Sujood.
  • A Man must keep away his stomach from his thigh and his elbow from his flank and arms from earth in Sujood.
  • A woman must do Sujood falling down the ground and she must cling her stomach to her thigh.
  • We should do Jalsa (to sit between two Sujood).
  • We should put hands on thigh in between the two Sujood (as it is done in Tashahhud).
  • While doing Sujood we should see at these places:
  • In Sujood at the tip of his nose.
  • In Sitting in between two Sujood at his lap.[4]

Sitting Between Two Sujood

  • While doing Sujood, we sit in between the two Sujood for a little moment. This is called Jalsa. The other two sittings are called Qaida.
  • Jalsa is to differentiate between the two Sujoods.
  • We must sit properly in the Jalsa.
  • We must sit in Jalsa with straight vertebra as we do in Qaida.
  • If a person do one Sujood and quickly do another Sujood without Sitting in Jalsa properly it is wrong and against Tadeel-e-Arkan.

Minimum length: the minimum length of Jalsa is that every moving parts of the body come to rest in sitting position.

Maximum length: its maximum length is that a person must sit in Jalsa with comfort and then go to next Sujood.

Some Rulings

How to sit in Jalsa?

Sitting in Jalsa is the same as in Qaida (Tashahhud) but the only difference is that Sitting in Jalsa is for a short moment.

  • A man must put right leg in standing posture and stretch left one and sit on it while sitting in Jalsa.
  • Woman must put her right hip on right leg and let her fingers facing towards Qibla and cling her left hip to the ground and let her left leg coming out to right side from under the right leg this is called Tawarruk.
  • Women are to sit in the position of Tawarruk in the Salah.

The following posture is called Tawarruk:

  • Sit in the way that your left buttock is touching the ground and pass your left leg from under your right leg coming out to your right side.
  • And put right leg in standing posture and fingers towards Qibla.

Rulings:

  • Sitting in the Jalsa is Sunnah. It must not be very short and not very long too.
  • A person must sit in Jalsa completely with comfort and peace of mind.
  • A person must put right leg in standing posture, to stretch left one and sit on it, while sitting in Qaida and Jalsa.
  • Woman must put her right hip on right leg, let her fingers facing towards Qibla, cling her left hip to the ground and let her left leg coming out to right side.
  • They must put hands on thigh in between the two Sujood (as it is done in Tashahhud) and in Qaida.[5]

Qaida (sitting) & Tashahhud

Answer:

Tashahhud is called Qaida and the details are as follow:

Literary meaning: Qaida is an Arabic word derived from Quwood, means to sit.

In Shariat: This is a final Sitting of the Salah. We read Tashahhud, Durud and Dowa-e-Masora. It means we praise to Allah Almighty, ask blessings for Prophet (PBUH) and make supplication for ourselves and Muslim Ummah.

There are two Qaidas. It depends on the number of Rak’ah of the Salah. If a person offers the Salah of two Rak’ah, the Salah will have only one Qaida which is last one. If a person offers the Salah of more than two Rak’ah like three or four, it will have two Qaida. First Qaida (Qaida-e-Ula) and last Qaida (Qaida-e-Akhira).

How to sit in Qaida (Tashahhud)?

There are two ways of Sitting in the Salah, first is called Iftirash and the second one is called Tawarruk.

Men should sit in Iftirash position and women should sit in Tawarruk position. Tawarruk is the best covering position for women.

Sitting in Iftirash position.

Literary: Iftirash means speeding out.

In Salah: Iftirash means to spread out left leg and sit on it.

Iftirash position:

A person must keep his right leg in standing posture and spread out his left leg and sit on it while sitting in Qaida and Jalsa.

Tawarruk Position:

 A person must sit in the way that your left buttock is touching the ground and passes his left leg from under his right leg coming out to his right side. And keep right leg in standing posture and fingers towards Qibla.

Ruling for both Tashahhud?

Tashahhud is called Qaida and there are two Qaida in the Salah. Qaida-e-Ula (First Tashahhud) and Qaida-e-Akhira (Last Tashahhud).

Last sitting is Farz and it is Rukn of the Salah.

If the Salah is two or three Rakaah, first sitting is Wajib and last sitting is Farz.

Ways of Sitting in Tashahhud and other differences as follow:

  • A person must put right leg in standing posture and stretch left one and sit on it while sitting in Qaida and Jalsa.
  • Woman must put her right hip on right leg and let her fingers facing towards Qibla and cling her left hip to the ground and let her left leg coming out to right side.
  • They must put hands on thigh in between the two Sujood (as it is done in Tashahhud) and in Qaida.
  • To point out with forefinger in Tashahhud it must be raised at “Laa Ilaha” and put down at “Illallaho”.
  • If a person is sitting in First Tashahhud, he must read only Duwa of Tashahhud and stand for third Rak’ah.[6]

[1] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 56-58)

[2] (22: Surah: Al-Hajj: Aayah: 77)

[3] (Muhammad Bin Ismail, Al-Bukhari: (1422 H). Sahih Al-Bukhari (Vol. 1). Daro Tauq Al-Najat: Page 162: H. 812)

[4] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 56-58)

[5] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 56-58)

[6] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 56-58)

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