Conditions for Validity of Friday Prayer

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Conditions for Validity of Friday Prayer

Friday prayer has some conditions to fulfill like conditions for obligatory of Friday prayer and conditions for its validity and they all are clearly mentioned in Fiqah books of the Four Madhahib.

There are six conditions to fulfill for validity of Friday prayer.

  1. It must be offered in a city or in such a place which is considered as city.
  2. King or his representative should lead the prayer (this is when the king is Muslim and it’s an Islamic state).
  3. It must be offered in the time of Duhar (not before or after it.)
  4. There must be two sermons before Friday prayer and at least one listener must be present at the time of sermon out of those with whom Friday prayer is to offer.
  5. There must be a common permission to attend Friday prayer.
  6. There must be a congregation of Friday prayer (with at least three persons except one who will lead prayer).[1]

Note: In Islamic term, a city is the place where Mufti (Islamic scholar) or Qadhi (Islamic Judge) lives and implements the Islamic orders and gives punishment.

Etiquettes of Jumah

  1. It is highly undesirable to talk during the sermon and not even ask your companion to keep quiet.

  In Hadith:

 Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said,

 If you (even) ask your companion to be quiet on Friday while the Imam is delivering the sermon, you have in fact talked irrelevance. [2]

  1. It is also undesirable to go over the shoulder of others to find a spot.
  2. It is best to fill the rows in the front before sitting in the last rows.

In Hadith:

Abdallah Bin Busr said,

“A man came and stepped over the people while the Prophet ﷺ was giving the sermon on Friday. The Prophet ﷺ said, Sit down, you have annoyed (the people).”[3]

  1. If there is extreme cold we should offer Friday prayer somehow early after soon in winter season (as days are short and Jumah salah is not before noon)
  2. If there is extreme hot we should offer Friday prayer somehow late after soon in summer season (as days are long and offering sharp at noon may trouble for prayers).

In Hadith:

 Narrated by Anas Bin Malik that:

“Prophet ﷺ used to lead salah (it means Jumah) somehow early afternoon when it is extreme cold in the winter and somehow late afternoon if there is extreme hot in the summer.”[4]

Rak’ah in Jumah

  • There are four Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkadah (Stressed supererogation) before Friday prayer.
  • There are two Rak’ah Farz.
  • There are four Rak’ah sunnat-e-Muakkadah (Stressed supererogation) after Farz (Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Muhammad said only four Rak’ah Sunnat-e-Muakkadah after Jumah).
  • There are two Rak’ah sunnat-e-Mukkadah (Stressed supererogation) again (Imam Abu yusuf  said six Rak’ah is Sunnah after Jumah so according to him two more Rak’ah is Stressed supererogation)
  • There are two Rak’ah Supererogation (Nafil)

Note: Imam Yusuf’s saying is preferable in the Hanafi Mazhab in this regard.

[1] (Al-Hanafi, H. A.-W.-s. (1985). Nur Al-IDhah (Vol. 1). Syria,Damascus: Dar Al-Hikmah:P; 83.)

[2] (Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith 1846).

[3] (Sunan Abi Dawud Book 2, Hadith 729)

[4] (Al-Albani, M. N. (2002). Mukhtasar Sahih Al-BUkhari. KSA,Riyadh: Maktaba Al-Ma’arif: Vol. 1: P: 263: H. 464)

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