Condition of Cloths in Salah

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Covering the Satar

Covering of Satar (parts of body necessary to cover) is also an important part of Salah. A person cannot even start his Salah without covering his Satar and further details are as follow:

Covering Satar is a prerequisite for validity of the Salah, when someone has such cloths to cover his necessary body part.

Body parts of a person that must be covered are:

Covering body parts differ in male and female and the details are as follow:

  • Satar (necessary body parts to cover) of male is between his belly button and knees it means that a male must wear at least such a cloth that covers his belly button and both knees.
  • Satar of female slave (Bandi as used to be in earlier times) is from belly bottom including her stomach and back until knees.
  • Satar of a free female (who is not slave) is all body parts except her face, both palm and both feet (only these three parts of a free female can remain uncovered).[1]

Some Rules regarding Satar

Though covering the parts of body (Satar) is necessary for the validity of the Salah but there may be some situations in which Satar willingly or unwillingly gets revealed. For such situations, further details are as follow:

  • Revealing of one fourth of any one part from Satar will make the Salah invalid6+.
  • If unwillingly revealed any part from Satar and remains uncovered as long one can pronounce three times “Subhan Allah” the Salah will be invalid.
  • Small amounts of body is revealing from different Satar parts, if they all together measures one fourth of any small Satar part then Salah will not be valid.
  • If some doesn’t have anything to cover his Satar not even silk, grasses and mud then he will offer Salah without covering Satar and it will be acceptable and he will not to repeat Salah later (with covering body part).
  • If he found some impure cloths and at least one fourth is pure then Salah in nude posture will not be acceptable.
  • If less than one fourth of cloth is pure, even then it is better to use this cloth for Salah.
  • The Salah in a complete impure cloth would be better than Salah in nude posture.
  • If a person found a small cloth which can cover some parts of the Satar, it is obligatory to use it for covering whatever part he can cover.
  • In the case of small cloth, he must first cover his front and back private part.
  • If covering of both is not possible then some says front part to cover and some says back part to cover.
  • It is recommended (Mustahab) for nude person to offer Salah with gesture in sitting posture starching his legs towards Qibla but if he offers it in standing posture with gesture or with Ruku and Sujood this is also right and acceptable.[2]

[1] (Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page 53)

[2] ((Hasan Bin Ammar,Al-Sharnabulali, Al-Hanafi: (2005): Nur Al-Idhah W Najat Al-Arwah: (Vol. 1): Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: Page: 53)

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