Azan and Iqamah

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 Azan and Iqamah

Azan means to announce, to call out.

In the term of the Sharia:

Azan is to call specified words loudly in particular time in particular manner.

The announcement of the Salah is called Azan. Azan makes announces that the time of the Salah has started and the Jama (congregational prayer) is going to start. Come to Masjid. Come to Allah Almighty. Come toward the peace. Azan is one of the most important part and of Islam. It is a symbol too. Some scholars say that if a person denies the Azan, he is denying Islam.

Azan was not called in the period of Madinah. Azan started in after the Hijra (Migration to Madinah).[1]

In a Hadith:

It was narrated from Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin Zaid that his father said that:

The Messenger of Allah was thinking of a horn, and he commanded that a bell be made and it was done. Then ‘Abdullah bin Zaid had a dream. He said, “I saw a man wearing two green garments, carrying a bell. I said to him, ‘O slave of Allah, will you sell the bell?’ He said; ‘What will you do with it?’ I said, ‘I will call (the people) to prayer.’ He said, ‘Shall I not tell you of something better than that?’ I said, ‘What is it?’ he said, ‘Say: Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar; Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah, Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah; Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah, Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah; Hayya ‘alas-Salah, Hayya ‘alas-Salah; Hayya ‘alal-falah, Hayya ‘alal-falah; Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar; La ilaha illallah (Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; Come to the Prayer, Come to the Prayer; Come to the prosperity, Come to the prosperity; Allah is the Most great, Allah is the Most Great; None has the right to be worshipped but Allah).” ‘Abdullah bin Zaid went out and came to the Messenger of Allah, and told him what he had seen. He said, “O Messenger of Allah, I saw a man wearing two green garments carrying a bell,” and he told him the story. The Messenger of Allah said, “Your companion has had a dream. Go out with Bilal to the mosque and teach it to him, for he has a louder voice than you.” I (‘Abdullah) went out with Bilal to the mosque, and I started teaching him the words and he was calling them out. ‘Umar Al-Khattab heard the voice and came out saying, “O Messenger of Allah! By Allah, I saw the same (dream) as him.” (Hasan)Abu ‘Ubaid said, “Abu Bakr Al-Hakami told me that ‘Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Ansari said concerning that: ‘I praise Allah, the Possessor of majesty and honor, A great deal of praise for the Azan. Since the news of it came to me from Allah, So due to it, I was honored by the information. During the three nights. Each of which increased me in honor.'”[2]

There are many opinions about the value of Azan as: Farz, Wajib or at least Sunnah Muwakkada.

FAzan is Sunnah Muwakkada. It means Azan is much-emphasized Sunnah for Farz Salah and Jama (congregational prayers).

  • Azan is Sunnah in Safar and at home. It is Sunnah for the Salah of Jama (congregational prayers) and for single Salah too.
  • Azan is Sunnah for Ada and Qaza both.
  • Azan is Makrooh for women or by women.[3]

Wording of Azan

Azan is narrated from the Prophet (PBUH). Allah Almighty revealed the words of Azan through his Prophet and his companions. There is little diffrences in pronouncing them in some Hadith. They are narrated in Hadith as:

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عُبَيْدٍ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الْمَدَنِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ الْحَرَّانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيُّ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَدْ هَمَّ بِالْبُوقِ وَأَمَرَ بِالنَّاقُوسِ فَنُحِتَ فَأُرِيَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ فِي الْمَنَامِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَجُلاً عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبَانِ أَخْضَرَانِ يَحْمِلُ نَاقُوسًا فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ تَبِيعُ النَّاقُوسَ قَالَ وَمَا تَصْنَعُ بِهِ قُلْتُ أُنَادِي بِهِ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَفَلاَ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى خَيْرٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ وَمَا هُوَ قَالَ تَقُولُ:

 اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

 اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

 أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

 أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

 أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

 أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

 حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ

 حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ

 حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ

 حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

 لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

 ‏.‏ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ حَتَّى أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ فَأَخْبَرَهُ بِمَا رَأَى ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ رَأَيْتُ رَجُلاً عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبَانِ أَخْضَرَانِ يَحْمِلُ نَاقُوسًا ‏.‏ فَقَصَّ عَلَيْهِ الْخَبَرَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ صَاحِبَكُمْ قَدْ رَأَى رُؤْيَا فَاخْرُجْ مَعَ بِلاَلٍ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَأَلْقِهَا عَلَيْهِ وَلْيُنَادِ بِلاَلٌ فَإِنَّهُ أَنْدَى صَوْتًا مِنْكَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَ بِلاَلٍ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَجَعَلْتُ أُلْقِيهَا عَلَيْهِ وَهُوَ يُنَادِي بِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ فَسَمِعَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِالصَّوْتِ فَخَرَجَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مِثْلَ الَّذِي رَأَى ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عُبَيْدٍ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْحَكَمِيُّ أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ زَيْدٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ قَالَ فِي ذَلِكَ أَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَذَا الإِكْرَامِ حَمْدًا عَلَى الأَذَانِ كَثِيرًا إِذْ أَتَانِي بِهِ الْبَشِيرُ مِنَ اللَّهِ فَأَكْرِمْ بِهِ لَدَىَّ بَشِيرًا فِي لَيَالٍ وَالَى بِهِنَّ ثَلاَثٍ كُلَّمَا جَاءَ زَادَنِي تَوْقِيرًا.

In a Hadith:

It was narrated from Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin Zaid that his father said that:

The Messenger of Allah was thinking of a horn, and he commanded that a bell be made and it was done. Then ‘Abdullah bin Zaid had a dream. He said, “I saw a man wearing two green garments, carrying a bell. I said to him, ‘O slave of Allah, will you sell the bell?’ He said; ‘What will you do with it?’ I said, ‘I will call (the people) to prayer.’ He said, ‘Shall I not tell you of something better than that?’ I said, ‘What is it?’ he said, ‘Say:

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar,

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar;

Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah,

Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah;

Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah,

Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah;

Hayya ‘alas-Salah,

Hayya ‘alas-Salah;

Hayya ‘alal-falah,

Hayya ‘alal-falah;

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar;

La ilaha illallah

﴾“(Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; Allah is The Most Great, Allah is The Most Great; I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; Come to the Prayer, Come to the Prayer; Come to the prosperity, Come to the prosperity; Allah is the Most great, Allah is the Most Great; None has the right to be worshipped but Allah).”﴿

‘Abdullah bin Zaid went out and came to the Messenger of Allah, and told him what he had seen. He said, “O Messenger of Allah, I saw a man wearing two green garments carrying a bell,” and he told him the story. The Messenger of Allah said, “Your companion has had a dream. Go out with Bilal to the mosque and teach it to him, for he has a louder voice than you.” I (‘Abdullah) went out with Bilal to the mosque, and I started teaching him the words and he was calling them out. ‘Umar Al-Khattab heard the voice and came out saying, “O Messenger of Allah! By Allah, I saw the same (dream) as him.” (Hasan)Abu ‘Ubaid said, “Abu Bakr Al-Hakami told me that ‘Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Ansari said concerning that: ‘I praise Allah, the Possessor of majesty and honor, A great deal of praise for the Adhan. Since the news of it came to me from Allah, So due to it, I was honored by the information. During the three nights. Each of which increased me in honor.'”[4]

  The way of calling Azan is to call them from the minarets of Masjid or from any other place of Masjid from where it can reach to the people. The words mentioned bellow to be read out loudly.

اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
 أشهد أَن لَا إِلَه إِلَّا الله Ash-Hadu Al-La Ilaha Illal  La
أشهد أَن لَا إِلَه إِلَّا الله Ash-Hadu Al-La Ilaha Il-lal  La
 
أشهد أن محمداً رسول اللَّه Assh Hadu An-na Muham-madar Rsulul-laah
   
أشهد أن محمداً رسول اللَّه Assh Hadu An-na Muham-madar Rsulul-laah
   
حيّ على الصلاة Hai-yya Alas- Salah-ah
   
حيّ على الصلاة Hai-yya Alas- Salah-ah
   
حيّ على الفلاح Hai-yya Alal- Fala-ah
   
حيّ على الفلاح Hai-yya Alal- Fala-ah
   
اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
لا إله إلاّ اللَّه Laa Ilaaha Ill-al  Laa
   

At the time of Fajr, after Hai-yya Alal- Fala-ah, the below will be added.

الصلاة خير من النوم Ass-Salatu Khairum Minan Nauom
الصلاة خير من النوم Ass-Salatu Khairum Minan Nauom

Words of Iqamah

The wordings of Iqamah are as:

اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
 أشهد أَن لَا إِلَه إِلَّا الله Ash-Hadu Al-La Ilaha Illal  La
   
أشهد أَن لَا إِلَه إِلَّا الله Ash-Hadu Al-La Ilaha Il-lal  La
   
أشهد أن محمداً رسول اللَّه Assh Hadu An-na Muham-Madar Rsulul-laah
   
أشهد أن محمداً رسول اللَّه Assh Hadu An-na Muham-madar Rsulul-laah
   
حيّ على الصلاة Hai-yya Alas- Salah-ah
   
حيّ على الصلاة Hai-yya Alas- Salah-ah
   
حيّ على الفلاح Hai-yya Alal- Fala-ah
   
حيّ على الفلاح Hai-yya Alal- Fala-ah
   
قد قامت الصلاة، قد قامت الصلاة Qad Qamatis Salatu Qad Qamatis Salah
   
   
اللَّه أكبر، اللَّه أكبر Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akber
   
لا إله إلاّ اللَّه Laa Ilaaha Ill-al  Laa
   

The Muwazzin will do the Iqamah of the Salah. It is preferred. If someone else do it in case of absence of Muwazzin, it will work too.

[1] (Imam Bagawi, Al-Hussain Bin Masood: Al-Tahzeeb Fil Fiqhil Imam Al-Shafi: Darul Kutub Al-Ilmiya: Vol.: 2: P.: 34-35)

[2] (Sunane Ibne Maja: Book: 3: Hadith: 1)

[3] (Hasan Bin Ammar: Nurul Iwzah wa Najatul Arwah: Al-Maktaba Al-Asria: 2005: Vol.: 1: P.: 47)

[4] (Sunane Ibne Maja: Book: 3: Hadith: 1)

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